Revision as of 13:57, 18 June 2021 by Bruker
We should talk about the kicker test from a broad perspective to get a realistic sense of the difficulties and options.
What we need to measure
- Measure kick angle of HK as a function of the kicker bucket number
- Measure emittance degradation as a function of the kicker bucket number
What we don't need to measure; correct me if I'm wrong
- impact of ludicrous bunch charges, unless they are needed for diagnostics
- bunch train with multiple "different" buckets filled at the same time
Beam setup and diagnostic options
- Filling all kicker buckets at the same time is possible, but having to geometrically separate the beams poses unnecessary difficulties in terms of beam line optics and temporally sensitive diagnostics.
- Assumption: bunch frequency = f_RF / 121 = f_Kicker / 7 ~ 12 MHz.
- All bunches then arrive at the same kicker phase.
- The kicker phase knob selects the kick voltage.
- Depending on how much space the kicker itself needs, it may need a new beam line of its own or not.
- Measure kick angle with one or two BPMs downstream of the kicker. I feel like we will need two for a good determination of the tilt unless we take precautions to precisely align the launch into the kicker.
- The available BPMs are most likely of a non-resonant type. John and Tom agree that they should be able to detect 12 MHz, though their LPF characteristic means the signal will be down by > 40 dB.
- Because the signal is so quiet, the usual BPM electronics will not readily see it.
- Tom: The signal can be measured directly with a 4-ch scope (preamp if necessary). While the pulses are far too short for any scope bandwidth, they could be dispersed relatively easily.
- John: There is a circuit that will turn the signal into DC, which we're not fond of, but it's simple.
- The detector likes long bunches, whereas the kicker does not.
- Provided LHe + 12 MHz pulsed laser become available, the BPM readout should be tested ASAP to get a sense of how good the signal can be.
- Baseline calibration of BPM readout can be done with CW or tune beam with kicker turned off.
- Direct emittance measurement by way of quadrupole scan + transverse profile detector (e.g., harp).
- Regardless of the kick, the beam always needs to be centered in the lens.
- Unless I'm missing something, this needs three steering magnets downstream of the kicker to make a chicane that sets up a parallel launch into the lens + harp system (the kicker itself being the fourth steerer).
- Because geometrically separating the bunches is unnecessary, this system can be kept short, alleviating requirements on focusing / aperture.
- What bunch length is really needed?
- If the bunches were really short, the distribution of kick angles within the bucket could be measured directly. This would provide a cross-check for the emittance measurement or replace it entirely.
- MeV bunch length measurement not currently available. Longitudinal optics of the machine without space charge can be simulated and should align with reality reasonably well.
- We assume a 1497 MHz buncher is available. Would it work with the present setup hypothetically, i.e., 750 MHz buncher? Half the bunch frequency.
- What is the expected impact of the new gun + booster?
- Time scale?