List of GTS Ghost Beam Experiments - 3/11/19

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  1. Measuring Ions Between the Anode and GS
    • Purpose: To determine whether there are trapped ions between the anode and GS - i.e. are there ions present in the accelerator after an electron beam run?
    • Experiment Details:
    1. Run 100-500uA electron beam for a fixed amount of time with GHV=100kV, GS=150A and anode biased at 1kV...enough to produce a visible ghost beam on viewer 2.
    2. Turn off real electron beam
    3. With the GHV and GS on, turn anode bias down to zero - if ions are trapped between the anode and GS, they will move towards the cathode.
    4. Measure current on cathode via an ammeter. If this is not possible, then we can measure current on the anode via an ammeter.
    • Theoretical Prediction: Ions can be trapped between the anode and GS while the anode is biased positively and the GS is on. This has been shown in GPT. If the anode is turned off, then the ions will see the large negative potential at the cathode and will accelerate towards it. When the ions hit the cathode, we can measure the ion current, which will give us an idea of how many ions are within the anode-GS trap.
    • Null Hypothesis No current reading on cathode/anode - no trapped ions between anode and GS
    • Duration of Experiment 1-2 hours (max), several trials to ensure good data if we are able to get a current reading
    • Setup/Equipment Needed Need to be able to measure current on either cathode or anode - perhaps we can connect an ammeter in series with either the cathode or anode?
  2. Measuring Ions Within the Solenoid Lenses
    • Purpose Provided the previous experiment is successful, to determine whether there are ions trapped within the solenoid lenses
    • Experiment Details:
    1. Run 100-500uA electron beam for a fixed amount of time with GHV=100kV, GS=150A and anode biased at 1kV...enough to produce a visible ghost beam on viewer 2.
    2. Turn off real electron beam
    3. With the GHV and anode bias on, turn GS current down to 0A - if ions are trapped within the GS, some will move downstream towards the ion precipitator.
    4. Measure current on the ion precipitator
    • Theoretical Prediction: GPT predicts that more ions are trapped within the solenoid lenses (via the magnetic mirror effect) than between the anode and GS. When the GS is turned off, any ions trapped within the solenoid lenses will then be free to move in any direction. Some will travel upstream and then reflect off of the anode bias. Some will hit the beamline and be lost. But some will travel downstream and hit the ion precipitator. Thus, any current reading on the ion precipitator after the electron beam is turned off and the GS is turned off would imply that we are measuring trapped ions from the solenoid lenses.
    • Null Hypothesis No current reading on ion precipitator - no ions trapped within the solenoid lenses.
    • Duration of Experiment 1-2 hours (max), several trials to ensure good data if we are able to get a current reading.

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